China’s national banner was adopted in 1949 and was first flown in Tiananmen Square, which is the world’s biggest public gathering place, on October 1, 1949, the day when the People’s Republic of China was established. The color red in the banner symbolizes revolution, the big star symbolizes communism, and all the little stars represent the Chinese population.
The summit of Mt. Everest, the highest mountain in the world, marks the border between China and Nepal.
There are many different languages that are spoken in China, including Mandarin, Wu, Yue, Minbei, Xiang, Minnan, Xiang, Hakka, and Gan.
The capital city of China is Beijing, while Shanghai is the most populated city. Other major cities are Chongqing, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen.
Forty-seven percent of the population live in urban areas.
Every year, China experiences typhoons and also suffers from floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, and droughts.
The Yangtze River in China is the fourth longest river in the world and reaches 5,797 km (3,602 miles) in length. Also, the Yellow River is the sixth longest, stretching 4,667 km (2,900 miles).
China has the second largest economy in the world, right after the USA.
In 2003, China became the third country in the world to successfully send a person to space.
The Great Wall of China is the largest man-made structure in the world, extending 8,850 km (5,500 miles).
The popular giant panda is found near the Yangtze River in China.
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games in Beijing were hosted by China. The 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing were the most expensive in the history. They were estimated to cost $40 billion.
October 1 is celebrated by the Chinese as a national day in honor of establishing the People’s Republic of China.
The national anthem of China is called “Yiyonggjun Jinxingqu,” which means March of the Volunteers, and was written in 1935 by the poet Tian Han and composed by the artist Nie Er, honoring those who went to the front in battle with the Japanese invaders in northeast China in the 1930s.