Wednesday, August 15, 2018

Fact of war

1. The war of 1965 between India and Pakistan is considered to be one of the most fiercest battles fought after World War II. The war was fought on the western front of India from Kutch to Kashmir.

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2. It all started in the month of January 1965 when the Pakistani army started the 'Operation Desert Hawk' in Kutch's Ran. The main purpose of the establishment of the Pakistan Army was to bring Indian forces to Kutch so that the Pakistani army could attack in Kashmir.

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3. After the mission in the run of Kutch, an army of approximately 33,000 intruders who were mostly from the Pakistan Army crossed the Line of Control (LoC) from Kashmir in the month of August and called it 'Operation Gibraltar'. Although the Indian Defense Establishment came to know about the aggression of Pakistani soldiers after one week.

4. On August 28, 1965, the Indian Army opened its front and went inside the Pakistani occupied Kashmir (POK) to eight kilometers and controlled strategically important Haji Peer Pass. This was an important victory for the Indian forces because control in Haji Pir was meant to mean that the Indian army could control Muzaffarad.

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5. Pakistani Army launched 'Operation Grand Slam' on 01 September in the Akhnoor sector of Jammu and Kashmir. The idea was to cut all the supply lines of the Indian Army and keep the olive under his control. Pakistan Army started heavy shelling in the Chamb and Jurain regions.

6. After Pakistani aggression in the Akhnoor sector, then Indian Defense Minister S.B. Chauhan decided to include Indian Air Force in the war. The 45th squadron of the IAF was kept in the service which made direct attacks on Pakistani forces.

7. Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri took a historic decision to put pressure on the Pakistani army. Lal Bahadur Shastri allowed the Indian Army to attack in Pakistan. This was the first time that the Indian Army crossed the international border and led Lahore under the leadership of Maj Gen Prasad, who was leading the 15th Infantry Division of the Indian Army.

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8. Pakistani Army launched a counter attack with its newly acquired Patton Tank 1965 Indo-Pakistani war, witnessing the biggest tank war in military history after World War II.

9. Abdul Hamid played an important role when he attacked a huge gun in a jeep and attacked his heavily petting tanks in their weakest position and destroyed them. This battle created Patten City (or "Patton City") on the war site. They destroyed seven patan tanks in total. He was awarded posthumously the highest bravery award of the country's Param Vir Chakra.

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10. Although the Indian forces were able to defeat Pakistani tanks and had won decisively in 1965. By September 22, the two parties agreed with the United Nations mandatory struggle, which ended the war at that point.

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